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This page pertains to UD version 2.

UD German GSD

Language: German (code: de)
Family: Indo-European, Germanic

This treebank has been part of Universal Dependencies since the UD v1.0 release.

The following people have contributed to making this treebank part of UD: Slav Petrov, Wolfgang Seeker, Ryan McDonald, Joakim Nivre, Daniel Zeman, Adriane Boyd.

Repository: UD_German-GSD
Search this treebank on-line: PML-TQ
Download all treebanks: UD 2.2

License: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 US

Genre: news, reviews, wiki

Questions, comments? General annotation questions (either German-specific or cross-linguistic) can be raised in the main UD issue tracker. You can report bugs in this treebank in the treebank-specific issue tracker on Github. If you want to collaborate, please contact [zeman (æt) ufal • mff • cuni • cz]. Development of the treebank happens directly in the UD repository, so you may submit bug fixes as pull requests against the dev branch.

Annotation Source
Lemmas assigned by a program, not checked manually
UPOS annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
XPOS assigned by a program, not checked manually
Features assigned by a program, not checked manually
Relations annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD


The German UD is converted from the content head version of the universal dependency treebank v2.0 (legacy).

The German UD conforms to the UD guidelines, but there are some exceptions.


Statistics of UD German GSD

POS Tags






Tokenization and Word Segmentation



Nominal Features

Degree and Polarity

Verbal Features

Pronouns, Determiners, Quantifiers

Other Features


Auxiliary Verbs and Copula

Core Arguments, Oblique Arguments and Adjuncts

Here we consider only relations between verbs (parent) and nouns or pronouns (child).

Reflexive Verbs

Verbs with Reflexive Core Objects

Relations Overview