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This page pertains to UD version 2.

UD Polish SZ

Language: Polish (code: pl)
Family: Indo-European, Slavic

This treebank has been part of Universal Dependencies since the UD v1.2 release.

The following people have contributed to making this treebank part of UD: Daniel Zeman, Jan Mašek, Rudolf Rosa.

Repository: UD_Polish-SZ
Search this treebank on-line: PML-TQ
Download all treebanks: UD 2.2

License: GNU GPL 3.0

Genre: fiction, nonfiction, news

Questions, comments? General annotation questions (either Polish-specific or cross-linguistic) can be raised in the main UD issue tracker. You can report bugs in this treebank in the treebank-specific issue tracker on Github. If you want to collaborate, please contact [zeman (æt) ufal • mff • cuni • cz]. Development of the treebank happens outside the UD repository. If there are bugs, either the original data source or the conversion procedure must be fixed. Do not submit pull requests against the UD repository.

Annotation Source
Lemmas annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
UPOS annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
XPOS annotated manually
Features annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
Relations annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD


The UD Polish treebank is based on “Składnica zależnościowa” (the Polish dependency treebank) version 0.5.

The data was first converted to the Prague dependency style as a part of HamleDT; then it was automatically converted to Universal Dependencies (HamleDT 3.0, 2015). The first release of Universal Dependencies that includes this treebank is UD v1.2 in November 2015. It is essentially the HamleDT conversion but the data is not identical to HamleDT 3.0 because the conversion procedure has been further improved.


author = {Wr{\'o}blewska, Alina and Przepi{\'o}rkowski, Adam},
title = {Projection-based Annotation of a {Polish} Dependency Treebank},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation, LREC},
pages = {2306--2312},
address = {Reykjavík, Iceland},
year = {2014}


Statistics of UD Polish SZ

POS Tags






Tokenization and Word Segmentation



Nominal Features

Degree and Polarity

Verbal Features

Pronouns, Determiners, Quantifiers

Other Features


Auxiliary Verbs and Copula

Core Arguments, Oblique Arguments and Adjuncts

Here we consider only relations between verbs (parent) and nouns or pronouns (child).

Reflexive Verbs

Verbs with Reflexive Core Objects

Relations Overview