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This page pertains to UD version 2.

UD Chinese HK

Language: Chinese (code: zh)
Family: Sino-Tibetan

This treebank has been part of Universal Dependencies since the UD v2.1 release.

The following people have contributed to making this treebank part of UD: Kim Gerdes, John Lee, Herman Leung, Tak-sum Wong.

Repository: UD_Chinese-HK
Search this treebank on-line: PML-TQ
Download all treebanks: UD 2.2

License: CC BY-SA 4.0

Genre: spoken

Questions, comments? General annotation questions (either Chinese-specific or cross-linguistic) can be raised in the main UD issue tracker. You can report bugs in this treebank in the treebank-specific issue tracker on Github. If you want to collaborate, please contact [tswong-c (æt) my • cityu • edu • hk; jsylee (æt) cityu • edu • hk]. Development of the treebank happens outside the UD repository. If there are bugs, either the original data source or the conversion procedure must be fixed. Do not submit pull requests against the UD repository.

Annotation Source
Lemmas not available
UPOS annotated manually, natively in UD style
XPOS not available
Features annotated manually, natively in UD style
Relations annotated manually, natively in UD style


A treebank manually annotated at the City University of Hong Kong. It contains subtitles of three films shot by students from the School of Creative Media as well as the official record of proceedings of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong. Traditional Chinese characters. This treebank is parallel with UD_Cantonese-HK.

The Chinese-HK UD treebank was manually annotated by Herman H. M. Leung and Tak-sum Wong at City University of Hong Kong, directly using the subtitles from three films shot by students from the School of Creative Media as well as the official record of proceedings of the section of the Election of President of the council meeting of the Legislative Council of the HKSAR of the P. R. China on 12th October, 2016 commencing at 2:13 p.m. The data are in Traditional Chinese. These trees form a parallel treebank with those in Cantonese-HK.



This work was partially supported by a grant from the PROCORE-France/Hong Kong Joint Research Scheme sponsored by the Research Grants Council and the Consulate General of France in Hong Kong (Reference No.: F-CityU107/15 and N 35322RG); and by two Strategic Research Grants (Project No. 7004494 and No. 7004736) from City University of Hong Kong.

Statistics of UD Chinese HK

POS Tags






Tokenization and Word Segmentation



Nominal Features

Degree and Polarity

Verbal Features

Pronouns, Determiners, Quantifiers

Other Features


Auxiliary Verbs and Copula

Core Arguments, Oblique Arguments and Adjuncts

Here we consider only relations between verbs (parent) and nouns or pronouns (child).

Relations Overview