Bjarne Stroustrup

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Bjarne Stroustrup
Bjarne-stroustrup (cropped).jpg
Stroustrup in 2010
Born (1950-12-30) 30 December 1950 (age 68)
ResidenceNew York City, New York, U.S.[1]
Alma materAarhus University (MSc)
University of Cambridge (PhD)
Known forC++
Scientific career
InstitutionsAarhus University
University of Cambridge
Texas A&M University
Bell Labs
Morgan Stanley
Columbia University
ThesisCommunication and control in distributed computer systems (1979)
Doctoral advisorDavid Wheeler[2]

Bjarne Stroustrup (/ˈbjɑːrnə ˈstrstrʊp/; Danish: [ˈbjɑːnə ˈsdʁʌwˀsdʁɔb];[3][4] born 30 December 1950) is a Danish computer scientist, who is most notable for the creation and development of the C++ programming language.[5] He is a visiting professor at Columbia University, and works at Morgan Stanley as a Managing Director in New York.[6][7][8][9][10]


Stroustrup has a master's degree in mathematics and computer science (1975) from Aarhus University, Denmark, and a PhD in computer science in 1979 from the University of Cambridge, England[11] supervised by David Wheeler.[2][12]


Stroustrup began developing C++ in 1979 (then called "C with Classes"), and, in his own words, "invented C++, wrote its early definitions, and produced its first implementation... chose and formulated the design criteria for C++, designed all its major facilities, and was responsible for the processing of extension proposals in the C++ standards committee."[13] Stroustrup also wrote a textbook for the language, The C++ Programming Language.[14][15]

Stroustrup was the head of AT&T Bell Labs' Large-scale Programming Research department, from its creation until late 2002. Stroustrup was elected member of the National Academy of Engineering in 2004. He was elected a Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) in 1994 and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).[when?] From 2002 to 2014, Stroustrup was the College of Engineering Chair in Computer Science Professor at Texas A&M University.[16][17] As of January 2014, Stroustrup is a Managing Director in the technology division of Morgan Stanley in New York City and a Visiting Professor in Computer Science at Columbia University.[18]


Stroustrup has written or co-written a number of publications,[19][20] including the books A Tour of C++,[21] Programming: Principles and Practice Using C++,[22] The C++ Programming Language,[23] Design and Evolution of C++[24] and The Annotated C++ Reference Manual.[25]

Awards and honors[edit]

Stroustrup has been a noble doctor at ITMO University since 2013.[26]

Stroustrup won the Senior Dahl–Nygaard Prize in 2015. The same year, he was made a Fellow of the Computer History Museum for his invention of the C++ programming language.[27] In 2017, the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) awarded[28][29] him the Faraday Medal, for pioneering C++, one of the most influential programming languages in the history of computing.[30] On January 3, 2018, Stroustrup was announced as the 2018 winner of the Charles Stark Draper Prize for Engineering, which comes with $500,000.[31] He was named winner of 2018 Computer Pioneer Award of the IEEE Computer Society.[32] He was awarded an honorary doctor from the University Carlos III, Spain on 25 January 2019. [33]


  1. ^ "Stroustrup: Biographical Information". Retrieved 2016-06-09.
  2. ^ a b Bjarne Stroustrup at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
  3. ^ Stroustrup, Bjarne. "How do you pronounce "Bjarne Stroustrup?"". Bjarne Stroustrup's Homepage. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  4. ^ Stroustrup, Bjarne. "Bjarne pronounces his own name". Bjarne Stroustrup's Homepage. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  5. ^ Wong, William (29 October 2013). "Interview: Bjarne Stroustrup Discusses C++". Electronic Design. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  6. ^ "Bjarne Stroustrup's Homepage". Archived from the original on 7 July 2000. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
  7. ^ Stroustrup, Bjarne (2010). "Viewpoint: What should we teach new software developers? Why?". Communications of the ACM. 53: 40. doi:10.1145/1629175.1629192.
  8. ^ Stroustrup, Bjarne (1998). "The Real Stroustrup Interview" (PDF). Computer. 31 (6): 110–119. doi:10.1109/MC.1998.683014.
  9. ^ "List of interviews with Bjarne Stroustrup".
  10. ^ "A hoax interview transcript with IEEE's Computer magazine".
  11. ^ Wong, William (26 November 2013). "Bjarne Stroustrup: C++ Creator Keeps RUNE Developing". Electronic Design. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  12. ^ Stroustrup, Bjarne (1979). Communication and control in distributed computer systems. (PhD thesis). University of Cambridge. OCLC 219769715. EThOS
  13. ^ The C++ Programming Language, B. Stroustrup, p.10
  14. ^ "Meet Bjarne Stroustrup (Video)". Archived from the original on 19 October 2006.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  15. ^ "Computerworld Interview with Bjarne Stroustrup". Archived from the original on 3 February 2009.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 July 2007. Retrieved 27 June 2007.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ Communications, Texas A&M Engineering (8 September 2015). "Faculty - People - Computer Science & Engineering - College of Engineering". Retrieved 2016-06-09.
  18. ^ "Department of Computer Science, Columbia University - Faculty". Retrieved 2016-06-09.
  19. ^ Bjarne Stroustrup at DBLP Bibliography Server Edit this at Wikidata
  20. ^ Bjarne Stroustrup publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database. (subscription required)
  21. ^ Stroustrup, Bjarne (2013). A Tour of C++. Addison-Wesley Professional. ISBN 978-0321958310.
  22. ^ Stroustrup, Bjarne (2008-12-29). Programming: Principles and Practice Using C++ (1st ed.). Addison-Wesley Professional. ISBN 0-321-54372-6.
  23. ^ Stroustrup, Bjarne (2013-05-23). The C++ Programming Language (4th ed.). Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. ISBN 0-321-563840.
  24. ^ Stroustrup, Bjarne (1994-03-29). Design and Evolution of C++ (1st ed.). Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. ISBN 0-201-54330-3.
  25. ^ Ellis, Margaret A.; Stroustrup, Bjarne (1990-01-01). The Annotated C++ Reference Manual. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. ISBN 0-201-51459-1.
  26. ^ "Ученый Совет НИУ ИТМО на заседании 25.06.2013 г. избрал Бьѐрна Страуструпа почетным доктором нашего университета" (PDF). Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  27. ^ CHM. "Bjarne Stroustrup— CHM Fellow Award Winner". Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  28. ^ "IET Faraday Medal 2017". Retrieved 7 December 2017.[obsolete source]
  29. ^ "Winner of 2017 IET Faraday Medal". Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  30. ^ "IET Awards - IET Conferences". Retrieved 2017-10-13.
  31. ^ Computer Science Pioneer Bjarne Stroustrup to Receive the 2018 Charles Stark Draper Prize for Engineering
  32. ^ "Dr. Bjarne Stroustrup Named Recipient of the 2018 IEEE-CS Computer Pioneer Award".
  33. ^