|Rules of inference|
|Rules of replacement|
Exportation is a valid rule of replacement in propositional logic. The rule allows conditional statements having conjunctive antecedents to be replaced by statements having conditional consequents and vice versa in logical proofs. It is the rule that:
The exportation rule may be written in sequent notation:
or in rule form:
where the rule is that wherever an instance of "" appears on a line of a proof, it can be replaced with "" and vice versa;
where , , and are propositions expressed in some logical system.
At any time, if P→Q is true, it can be replaced by P→(P∧Q).
One possible case for P→Q is for P to be true and Q to be true; thus P∧Q is also true, and P→(P∧Q) is true.
Another possible case sets P as false and Q as true. Thus, P∧Q is false and P→(P∧Q) is false; false→false is true.
The last case occurs when both P and Q are false. Thus, P∧Q is false and P→(P∧Q) is true.
It rains and the sun shines implies that there is a rainbow.
Thus, if it rains, then the sun shines implies that there is a rainbow.
The following proof uses Material Implication, double negation, De Morgan's Laws, the negation of the conditional statement, the Associative Property of conjunction, the negation of another conditional statement, and double negation again, in that order to derive the result.
|De Morgan's law|
Relation to functions
- Hurley, Patrick (1991). A Concise Introduction to Logic 4th edition. Wadsworth Publishing. pp. 364–5.
- Copi, Irving M.; Cohen, Carl (2005). Introduction to Logic. Prentice Hall. p. 371.
- Moore and Parker